The earliest glassmakers in the world were the ancient Egyptians.The appearance and use of glass in human life has been more than 4,000 years of history, from 4,000 years ago in Mesopotamia and ancient Egyptian ruins, there have been small glass beads unearthed.[3-4]
In the 12th century, commercial glass appeared and began to become an industrial material.Optical glass was made in the 18th century to accommodate telescopes.Plate glass was first made in Belgium in 1874.In 1906, plate glass was made in the United States. Since then, with the industrialization and scale of glass production, various USES and various properties of glass came out one after another.In modern times, glass has become an important material in daily life, production and science and technology.
More than 3,000 years ago, a European Phoenician merchant ship, laden with the crystalline mineral "natural soda," sailed the Belus River on the coast of the Mediterranean.The merchant ship ran aground because of the low tide, and the crew boarded the beach.Some of the crew also brought cauldrons, firewood, and "natural soda" as cauldrons for cooking on the beach.
The crew finished their meal and the tide began to rise.They were just about to pack up and go on with their voyage when someone shouted, "Everyone, come and see. There is something bright and shining on the sand under the pot!"
The crew took the shimmering objects aboard and studied them carefully.They found that the shiny objects were covered with quartz sand and melted natural soda.It turned out that the glitter, the natural soda they used to make POTS and pans for cooking, was the result of a chemical reaction by fire with the sand quartz, the first glass.The Phoenicians made a fortune by mixing quartz sand with natural soda and melting it in a special furnace to make glass balls