Fold the British parliament
In 1215, 18 barons formed an anti-monarchy group, forcing king John (the landless king) to sign the great charter of liberty, the foundation of the British constitutional monarchy.A few years later, Sir Simon DE montford, one of the founders of the opposition, initiated and convened the first British parliament.But despite its long history, parliament has long had no permanent office of its own, meeting only in the old Westminster hall or with the monks of Westminster Abbey.It was only in 1547 that the British parliament, which had been the chief residence of the former king of England in the 16th century, had its own permanent office in st Stephen's chapel, the old palace of Westminster.To make it fit for a council meeting, the chapel was completely rebuilt, with seats and corridors added, and its original architecture changed.The chapel is also accessible through Westminster hall, the seat of Britain's highest court.But, for all its inconveniences, the house of Commons met in st. Stephen's chapel until the great fire of 1834.After that, the house of Commons was again in a state of no fixed office.
Fold fire and rebuild
After the fire, the less damaged part of Westminster hall continued to hold impromptu parliamentary meetings. The architect smirk suggested that two temporary buildings be built to hold the meetings in the ruins of the burned parliament building.After that, the architects worked hard and made the most of what remained of the building after the fire.The original house of lords building was restored for the use of the house of Commons, and the gallery served as a venue for the lords to hold their own house of lords meetings.But in the summer of 1835 a special committee was set up to rebuild the palace on its original site.The site was reportedly chosen largely for safety reasons.The new council chamber on the Banks of the Thames would not have angered the people who had risen up in the face of the popular uprising.The palace was suggested to be built in either or Elizabethan style, as both styles were the dominant secular architectural styles in late 16th century England.Of the 97 designs submitted for the competition, 91 were designed in the gothic style.In the end, a young architect named Charles baily stood out. He was already the designer of several famous buildings.In addition to several halls for the upper and lower houses of parliament to sit in, there must be planned halls in advance for the annual opening of parliament, where the king and his wife will open parliament.Voting rooms, corridors connected to the central hall, the library, the dining room and numerous other ancillary rooms are also required.Charles bailly skillfully combined all these numerous courtyards, rooms and corridors.Built in 1840~1870, the palace of Westminster and the British parliament have a bird's eye view.In the front is Westminster Abbey, in the middle is st Stephen's hall, in the back is Big Ben river Thames.Construction of riverbank terraces to divert the river began in 1837 on the Banks of the Thames.Three years later, Charles bailey's wife laid the foundation stone for a new palace of Westminster.The palace of Westminster, now called parliament, is one of the largest buildings in the world.According to the views of some people, it is one of the main places of interest in the British capital, as the tyne described: "although the buildings here constantly repeating a theme, and no apparent originality, but its main achievements is that it is not Greece or replica of the south building, but the gothic and adapted to the local climate and modern requirements."Great buildings were reflected in the sparkling river, the distant chimes of bell-towers rang, and spires and battlements loomed in the dense London mist.